Guidance for early career scientists

How to give a good scientific presentation

How to give a good scientific presentation [with tips]

We provide tips for giving an oral scientific presentation. You’ll learn how to deliver your talk with confidence and keep the audience engaged.

How to make a scientific presentation

How to make a scientific presentation [4 steps]

This guide provides a 4-step process for making a good scientific presentation: outlining the scientific narrative, preparing slide outlines, constructing slides, and practicing the talk. We give advice on how to make effective slides, including tips for text, graphics, and equations, and how to use rehearsals of your talk to refine your presentation.

tips how to read an academic paper

How to read a scientific paper [3 steps]

In this guide, we’ll show you how to read a scientific paper in 3 steps. You will learn all about the scientific paper format, how to skim a paper to understand its main message, and how to achieve a deep understanding of a paper.

How to write a grant proposal

How to write a grant proposal [5 steps]

In this guide, we’ll show you how to write a grant proposal in 5 steps. You will learn how to develop an actionable plan for your research project, how to prepare a first draft of your grant proposal, and the benefits of writing grant proposals for your research.

Scientific poster

The 6 key parts of a scientific poster

This guide covers the goal of a scientific poster presentation, how to make a scientific poster, and what to do on the day of the poster session. We also provide tips for seeking feedback on your poster and presenting it, as well as the 6 key technical elements of a scientific poster.

Writing a literature review

Literature review for thesis

How to write a literature review in 6 steps

How do you write a good literature review? This step-by-step guide on how to write an excellent literature review covers all aspects of planning and writing literature reviews for academic papers and theses.

Systematic literature review

How to write a systematic literature review [9 steps]

How do you write a systematic literature review? What types of systematic literature reviews exist and where do you use them? Learn everything you need to know about a systematic literature review in this guide

Literature review explained

What is a literature review? [with examples]

Not sure what a literature review is? This guide covers the definition, purpose, and format of a literature review.

Writing your Academic CV

Academic CV illustration

How to write an Academic CV [Update 2024]

How do you write a great academic CV? This guide provides step-by-step advice on how to write a CV. We cover both the form and content of a CV and include tips for creating a memorable one.

Writing your research paper

How to start your research paper [step-by-step guide]

All research papers have pretty much the same structure. If you can write one type of research paper, you can write another. Learn the steps to start and complete your research paper in our guide.

How to write a problem statement

What is a problem statement and how do you write one? This guide answers all your questions and includes an example of a problem statement.

How to write a research paper outline

Structuring the outline of your research paper early on is important. Read on to learn how to structure a research paper outline and to see examples, including an outline template.

How to write a research proposal

What is a research proposal and what should you use it for? This step-by-step guide teaches you how to structure and write a research proposal.

How to write an abstract

Not sure how to write an abstract for your paper? Clear your doubts with this guide, follow our tips, and start writing your abstract!

What are the different types of research papers?

Learn all you need to know about research papers, what differentiates a research paper from a thesis, and what types of research papers there are.

What is a research paper?

Are you confused about what a research paper actually is and what differentiates it from a thesis? Clarify it once and for all with our guide.

What is an appendix in a paper

Not sure what an appendix in a paper is? This guides defines what an appendix is and how to format one.

What is the abstract of a paper?

Not sure what the abstract of a paper is? Learn the definition of an abstract and how to format one in this guide with resources.

Writing your thesis

Thesis conclusion tips

5 tips for writing your thesis conclusion

A good conclusion is crucial to the success of your thesis or dissertation. Read our 5 tips for an outstanding thesis conclusion.

How long should a thesis statement be

How long are thesis statements? [with examples]

Not sure how long a thesis statement should be? This guide on thesis statement lengths will prepare you to write a solid thesis statement of an acceptable length.

Thesis data collection tips

How to collect data for your thesis [Update 2024]

Unsure how to gather data for your thesis? We will guide you through the first steps of collecting theoretical and empirical data for your thesis.

How to come up with a topic for your thesis

The time has come for you to choose a thesis topic? Don't get lost. With the help of our guide you will find a topic for your thesis in the blink of an eye.

Thesis defence

How to prepare an excellent thesis defense [6 tips]

What is a thesis defense and how do you prepare for it the best way? This guide discusses what a thesis defense is and offers 6 tips for how to prepare.

Tips for proofreading your thesis

How to proofread your thesis [7 tips]

Explore 7 tips for how to proofread a thesis. Follow this guide to submit your thesis with confidence.

How to structure a thesis

You may have many questions when you start your thesis. How do you structure it? What information should the individual chapters contain? Here's an overview of thesis structure and how to actually start your thesis.

How to write a good thesis introduction

Getting started with your thesis can feel intimidating. There is no single way to write an introduction that will always work for every topic, but this guide helps you cover all the important points.

Thesis statement

How to write a thesis statement + Examples

How do you write a good thesis statement? Learn all you need to know about thesis statements in our guide with examples.

Tips for writing thesis conclusion

How to write an excellent thesis conclusion [with examples]

The conclusion is the last thing readers of your thesis will see, so it should be memorable. Learn how to write a truly excellent thesis conclusion in this step-by-step guide with examples.

The perfect thesis topic: 5 questions you need to ask

Not sure if you’ve chosen a good topic for your thesis? In this guide we feature key questions and criteria that can help you determine if your thesis topic is solid.

What is a thesis statement? [with example]

Not sure what a thesis statement is? In this guide, we explore the definition and purpose of a thesis statement and highlight thesis examples and tips.

Writing dissertation acknowledgments: What you need to know [with examples]

Are you wondering how to write your dissertation acknowledgments and who to thank? This guide with examples will answer all of your questions!